next

[nekst]
adjective
1.
immediately following in time, order, importance, etc.: the next day; the next person in line.
2.
nearest or adjacent in place or position: the next room.
3.
nearest in relationship or kinship.
adverb
4.
in the place, time, importance, etc., nearest or immediately following: We're going to London next. This is my next oldest daughter.
5.
on the first occasion to follow: when next we meet.
preposition
6.
adjacent to; nearest: It's in the closet next the blackboard.
Idioms
7.
get next to (someone), Informal. to get into the favor or good graces of; become a good friend of.
8.
next door to,
a.
in an adjacent house, apartment, office, etc.; neighboring.
b.
in a position of proximity; near to: They are next door to poverty.
9.
next to,
a.
adjacent to: He sat next to his sister.
b.
almost; nearly: next to impossible.
c.
aside from: Next to cake, ice cream is my favorite dessert.

Origin:
before 900; Middle English next(e), Old English nēxt, nēhst, niehst, superlative of nēah nigh (see -est1); cognate with Icelandic nǣstr, German nächst; cf. near

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
next (nɛkst)
 
adj
1.  immediately following: the next patient to be examined; do it next week
2.  immediately adjoining: the next room
3.  closest to in degree: the tallest boy next to James; the next-best thing
4.  the next but one the one after the next
 
adv
5.  at a time or on an occasion immediately to follow: the patient to be examined next; next, he started to unscrew the telephone receiver
6.  next to
 a.  adjacent to; at or on one side of: the house next to ours
 b.  following in degree: next to your mother, who do you love most?
 c.  almost: next to impossible
 
prep
7.  archaic next to
 
[Old English nēhst, superlative of nēahnigh; compare near, neighbour]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

next
O.E. niehsta, nyhsta (W.Saxon), nesta (Anglian) "nearest, closest," superl. of neah (W.Saxon), neh (Anglian) "nigh;" from P.Gmc. *nekh- "near" + superlative suffix *-istaz. Cognate with O.N. næstr, Du. naast "next," O.H.G. nahisto "neighbor," Ger. nächst "next." Nextdoor is attested from 1485.
Phrase the next person "a typical person" is from 1857.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

next

In addition to the idioms beginning with next, also see cleanliness is next to godliness.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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Example sentences
Visitors see the diamond, and it gets them to wonder what's in the next room, and in the space beyond that.
Disruptive innovation first takes hold on the margins where the next best thing
  may be nothing at all.
Astronomers have identified the best candidate yet for our galaxy's next
  supernova explosion, according to a new report.
Animals' natural defenses are providing inspiration for researchers developing
  the next generation of lighter, tougher body armor.
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