[nahyt-n-geyl, nahy-ting-]
any of several small, Old World, migratory birds of the thrush family, especially Luscinia megarhynchos, of Europe, noted for the melodious song of the male, given chiefly at night during the breeding season.

1200–50; Middle English nightyngale, nasalized variant of nightegale, Old English nihtegale, cognate with German Nachtigall, literally, night singer (compare Old English galan sing; akin to yell) Unabridged


[nahyt-n-geyl, nahy-ting-]
Florence ("the Lady with the Lamp") 1820–1910, English nurse: reformer of hospital conditions and procedures; reorganizer of nurse's training programs. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
nightingale (ˈnaɪtɪŋˌɡeɪl)
1.  a brownish European songbird, Luscinia megarhynchos, with a broad reddish-brown tail: well known for its musical song, usually heard at night
2.  any of various similar or related birds, such as Luscinia luscinia (thrush nightingale)
[Old English nihtegale, literally: night-singer, from night + galan to sing]

Nightingale (ˈnaɪtɪŋˌɡeɪl)
Florence, known as the Lady with the Lamp. 1820--1910, English nurse, famous for her work during the Crimean War. She helped to raise the status and quality of the nursing profession and founded a training school for nurses in London (1860)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

O.E. næctigalæ, compound formed in P.Gmc. (cf. Du. nachtegaal, Ger. Nachtigall) from *nakht- "night" (see night) + *galon "to sing," related to O.E. giellan "yell" (see yell). With parasitic -n- that appeared mid-13c. Dutch nightingale
"frog" is attested from 1769. In Japanese, "nightingale floor" is said to be the term for boards that creak when you walk on them.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

Nightingale Night·in·gale (nīt'n-gāl', nī'tĭng-), Florence. 1820-1910.

British nurse who organized (1854) and directed a unit of field nurses during the Crimean War and is considered the founder of modern nursing.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Those who live near nightingale nests know all too well that the males often sing all night.
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