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nitrobenzene

[nahy-troh-ben-zeen, -ben-zeen] /ˌnaɪ troʊˈbɛn zin, -bɛnˈzin/
noun, Chemistry
1.
a pale yellow, toxic, water-soluble liquid, C 6 H 5 NO 2 , produced by nitrating benzene with nitric acid: used chiefly in the manufacture of aniline.
Also called nitrobenzol
[nahy-troh-ben-zawl, -zol] /ˌnaɪ troʊˈbɛn zɔl, -zɒl/ (Show IPA)
.
Origin
1865-1870
1865-70; nitro- + benzene
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for nitrobenzene
  • nitrobenzene reacts with hydroxyl radicals and ozone in the atmosphere.
  • Influence of root exposure concentration on the fate of nitrobenzene in soybean.
British Dictionary definitions for nitrobenzene

nitrobenzene

/ˌnaɪtrəʊˈbɛnziːn/
noun
1.
a yellow oily toxic water-insoluble liquid compound, used as a solvent and in the manufacture of aniline. Formula: C6H5NO2
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Encyclopedia Article for nitrobenzene

the simplest aromatic nitro compound, having the molecular formula C6H5NO2. It is used in the manufacture of aniline, benzidine, and other organic chemicals. Nitrobenzene is a colourless to pale yellow, oily, highly toxic liquid with the odour of bitter almonds.

Learn more about nitrobenzene with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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