nitrocellulose

[nahy-truh-sel-yuh-lohs]
noun Chemistry.

Origin:
1880–85; nitro- + cellulose

nitrocellulosic, nitrocellulous, adjective
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Collins
World English Dictionary
nitrocellulose (ˌnaɪtrəʊˈsɛljʊˌləʊs)
 
n
another name (not in chemical usage) for cellulose nitrate

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

nitrocellulose ni·tro·cel·lu·lose (nī'trō-sěl'yə-lōs', -lōz')
n.
See cellulose nitrate.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
nitrocellulose   (nī'trō-sěl'yə-lōs')  Pronunciation Key 
A pulpy or cottonlike polymer derived from cellulose treated with sulfuric and nitric acids. It is used in the manufacture of explosives, plastics, and solid propellants.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

nitrocellulose

a mixture of nitric esters of cellulose, and a highly flammable compound that is the main ingredient of modern gunpowder. Nitrocellulose is a fluffy white substance that retains some of the fibrous structure of untreated cellulose. It is not stable to heat, and even carefully prepared samples will ignite on brief heating to more than about 150 C (300 F). When nitrocellulose decomposes, it forms products that catalyze further decomposition; this reaction, if not stopped in time, results in an explosion

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
The chemist went on to experiment with making aerogels from silica, nitrocellulose and rubber.
Nitrocellulose is a highly-flammable chemical compound powder that is formed from nitric acid and cellulose.
The solubility of guncotton in a mixture of alcohol and ether was discovered a year after nitrocellulose was developed.
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