non-living

living

[liv-ing]
adjective
1.
having life; being alive; not dead: living persons.
2.
in actual existence or use; extant: living languages.
3.
active or thriving; vigorous; strong: a living faith.
4.
burning or glowing, as a coal.
5.
flowing freely, as water.
6.
pertaining to, suitable for, or sufficient for existence or subsistence: living conditions; a living wage.
7.
of or pertaining to living persons: within living memory.
8.
lifelike; true to life, as a picture or narrative.
9.
in its natural state and place; not uprooted, changed, etc.: living rock.
10.
very; absolute (used as an intensifier): to scare the living daylights out of someone.
noun
11.
the act or condition of a person or thing that lives: Living is very expensive these days.
12.
the means of maintaining life; livelihood: to earn one's living.
13.
a particular manner, state, or status of life: luxurious living.
14.
(used with a plural verb) living persons collectively (usually preceded by the ): glad to be among the living.
15.
British. the benefice of a clergyman.

Origin:
before 900; (adj.) Middle English lyvyng(e); replacing earlier liviende, Old English lifgende (see live1, -ing2); (noun) Middle English living(e) (see -ing1)

livingly, adverb
livingness, noun
nonliving, adjective, noun
quasi-living, adjective
unliving, adjective


1. live, quick. 2. existing, surviving. 3. lively, flourishing. 12. sustenance, subsistence. Living, livelihood, maintenance, support refer, directly or indirectly, to what is earned or spent for subsistence. Living and livelihood (a somewhat more formal word), both refer to what one earns to keep (oneself) alive, but are seldom interchangeable within the same phrase: to earn one's living; to seek one's livelihood. “To make a living” suggests making just enough to keep alive, and is particularly frequent in the negative: You cannot make a living out of that. “To make a livelihood out of something” suggests rather making a business of it: to make a livelihood out of trapping foxes. Maintenance and support refer usually to what is spent for the living of another: to provide for the maintenance or support of someone. Maintenance occasionally refers to the allowance itself provided for livelihood: They are entitled to a maintenance from this estate.


1. dead.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
living (ˈlɪvɪŋ)
 
adj
1.  a.  possessing life; not dead
 b.  (as collective noun preceded by the): the living
2.  having the characteristics of life (used esp to distinguish organisms from nonliving matter)
3.  currently in use or valid: living language
4.  seeming to be real: a living image
5.  Compare extinct (of animals or plants) existing in the present age; extant
6.  geology another word for live
7.  presented by actors before a live audience: living theatre
8.  (prenominal) (intensifier): the living daylights
 
n
9.  the condition of being alive
10.  the manner in which one conducts one's life: fast living
11.  the means, esp the financial means, whereby one lives
12.  Church of England another term for benefice
13.  (modifier) of, involving, or characteristic of everyday life: living area
14.  (modifier) of or involving those now alive (esp in the phrase living memory)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

living
early 14c., "the fact of dwelling in some place," from O.E. lifiende, prp. of lifan (see live (v.)). The noun meaning "action, process, or method of gaining one's livelihood" is attested from 1530s. Living memory "within the memory of people still living" is attested from 1855.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

live (līv)
adj.

  1. Having life; alive.

  2. Capable of replicating in a host's cells.

  3. Containing living microorganisms or active virus, as a vaccine.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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