nudge

1 [nuhj]
verb (used with object), nudged, nudging.
1.
to push slightly or gently, especially with the elbow, to get someone's attention, prod someone into action, etc.
verb (used without object), nudged, nudging.
2.
to give a nudge.
noun
3.
a slight or gentle push or jog, especially with the elbow.

Origin:
1665–75; variant of dial. (k)nidge, akin to Old English cnucian, cnocian to knock

nudger, noun


1. elbow, poke, jog.
Dictionary.com Unabridged

nudge

2 [nooj]
verb (used with object), nudged, nudging.
1.
to annoy with persistent complaints, criticisms, or pleas; nag: He was always nudging his son to move to a better neighborhood.
verb (used without object), nudged, nudging.
2.
to nag, whine, or carp.
noun
3.
a person who nudges; pest.
Also, noodge, nudzh.


Origin:
1875–80; < Yiddish, stem of nudyen to bore < Polish nudzić; cf. nudnik

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
nudge (nʌdʒ)
 
vb
1.  to push or poke (someone) gently, esp with the elbow, to get attention; jog
2.  to push slowly or lightly: as I drove out, I just nudged the gatepost
3.  to give (someone) a gentle reminder or encouragement
 
n
4.  a gentle poke or push
5.  a gentle reminder
 
[C17: perhaps from Scandinavian; compare Icelandic nugga to push]
 
'nudger
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

nudge
"to push slightly with the elbow," 1675, perhaps from Scand. (cf. Norw. nugge, nyggje "to jostle, rub;" Icelandic nugga "to rub, massage"). The noun is attested from 1836.

nudge
"complainer, nagger," 1960s, from Yiddish, from Slavic words meaning "fret, ache," realted to the root of nudnik (q.v.).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
We need to nudge police agencies to create a climate that destroys the
  confidence of those with violent plans.
But plenty of students are right on the bubble, where a little nudge might
  bring them out of academic risk.
So the best bet is a series of more moderate options to nudge lenders in the
  right direction.
He used the space station's robot arm to nudge the bus-size lab into place.
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