oaks

oak

[ohk]
noun
1.
any tree or shrub belonging to the genus Quercus, of the beech family, bearing the acorn as fruit.
2.
the hard, durable wood of such a tree, used in making furniture and in construction.
3.
the leaves of this tree, especially as worn in a chaplet.
4.
anything made of the wood of this tree, as an item of furniture, a door, etc.
Idioms
5.
sport one's oak, British. (of a university student) to indicate that one is not at home to visitors by closing the outer door of one's lodgings.

Origin:
before 900; Middle English ook, Old English āc; cognate with Dutch eik, German Eiche

oaklike, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
oak (əʊk)
 
n
1.  holm oak cork oak red oak Turkey oak See also durmast any deciduous or evergreen tree or shrub of the fagaceous genus Quercus, having acorns as fruits and lobed leavesRelated: quercine
2.  a.  the wood of any of these trees, used esp as building timber and for making furniture
 b.  (as modifier): an oak table
3.  any of various trees that resemble the oak, such as the poison oak, silky oak, and Jerusalem oak
4.  a.  anything made of oak, esp a heavy outer door to a set of rooms in an Oxford or Cambridge college
 b.  sport one's oak to shut this door as a sign one does not want visitors
5.  the leaves of an oak tree, worn as a garland
6.  the dark brownish colour of oak wood
7.  (Austral) any of various species of casuarina, such as desert oak, swamp oak, or she-oak
 
Related: quercine
 
[Old English āc; related to Old Norse eik, Old High German eih, Latin aesculus]

Oaks (əʊks)
 
n
1.  the Oaks a horse race for fillies held annually at Epsom since 1779: one of the classics of English flat racing
2.  any of various similar races
 
[named after an estate near Epsom]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

oak
O.E. ac "oak tree," from P.Gmc. *aiks (cf. O.N. eik, O.Fris., M.Du. ek, Du. eik, O.H.G. eih, Ger. Eiche), of uncertain origin with no certain cognates outside Gmc. The usual I.E. base for "oak" (*derwo-/*dreu-) has become Mod.Eng. tree. Used in Biblical translations to render
Heb. elah (probably usually "terebinth tree") and four other words. The O.N. form was eik, but there were no oaks in Iceland so the word came to be used there for "tree" in general.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Abbreviations & Acronyms
OAK
  1. Metropolitan Oakland [CA] International Airport

  2. Oakland Athletics

  3. Oakland Raiders

The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Oak definition


There are six Hebrew words rendered "oak." (1.) 'El occurs only in the word El-paran (Gen. 14:6). The LXX. renders by "terebinth." In the plural form this word occurs in Isa. 1:29; 57:5 (A.V. marg. and R.V., "among the oaks"); 61:3 ("trees"). The word properly means strongly, mighty, and hence a strong tree. (2.) 'Elah, Gen. 35:4, "under the oak which was by Shechem" (R.V. marg., "terebinth"). Isa. 6:13, A.V., "teil-tree;" R.V., "terebinth." Isa. 1:30, R.V. marg., "terebinth." Absalom in his flight was caught in the branches of a "great oak" (2 Sam. 18:9; R.V. marg., "terebinth"). (3.) 'Elon, Judg. 4:11; 9:6 (R.V., "oak;" A.V., following the Targum, "plain") properly the deciduous species of oak shedding its foliage in autumn. (4.) 'Elan, only in Dan. 4:11,14,20, rendered "tree" in Nebuchadnezzar's dream. Probably some species of the oak is intended. (5.) 'Allah, Josh. 24:26. The place here referred to is called Allon-moreh ("the oak of Moreh," as in R.V.) in Gen. 12:6 and 35:4. (6.) 'Allon, always rendered "oak." Probably the evergreen oak (called also ilex and holm oak) is intended. The oak woods of Bashan are frequently alluded to (Isa. 2:13; Ezek. 27:6). Three species of oaks are found in Palestine, of which the "prickly evergreen oak" (Quercus coccifera) is the most abundant. "It covers the rocky hills of Palestine with a dense brushwood of trees from 8 to 12 feet high, branching from the base, thickly covered with small evergreen rigid leaves, and bearing acorns copiously." The so-called Abraham's oak at Hebron is of this species. Tristram says that this oak near Hebron "has for several centuries taken the place of the once renowned terebinth which marked the site of Mamre on the other side of the city. The terebinth existed at Mamre in the time of Vespasian, and under it the captive Jews were sold as slaves. It disappeared about A.D. 330, and no tree now marks the grove of Mamre. The present oak is the noblest tree in Southern Palestine, being 23 feet in girth, and the diameter of the foliage, which is unsymmetrical, being about 90 feet." (See HEBRON ØT0001712; TEIL-TREE ØT0003597.)

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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