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octroi

[ok-troi; French awk-trwa] /ˈɒk trɔɪ; French ɔkˈtrwa/
noun, plural octrois
[ok-troiz; French awk-trwa] /ˈɒk trɔɪz; French ɔkˈtrwa/ (Show IPA)
1.
(formerly especially in France and Italy) a local tax levied on certain articles, such as foodstuffs, on their entry into a city.
2.
the place at which such a tax is collected.
3.
the officials collecting it.
4.
the act of a sovereign in granting to subjects a constitution or other charter.
Origin
1605-1615
1605-15; < French, noun derivative of octroyer to grant, partial Latinization of Old French otreier < Medieval Latin auctorizāre; see authorize
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for octroi
  • The driver then has to telephone the octroi agent and get this tax processed, which takes all night.
British Dictionary definitions for octroi

octroi

/ˈɒktrwɑː/
noun
1.
(in some European countries, esp France) a duty on various goods brought into certain towns or cities
2.
the place where such a duty is collected
3.
the officers responsible for its collection
Word Origin
C17: from French octroyer to concede, from Medieval Latin auctorizāre to authorize
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Encyclopedia Article for octroi

tax levied by a local political unit, normally the commune or municipal authority, on certain categories of goods as they enter the area. The tax was first instituted in Italy in Roman times, when it bore the title of vectigal, or portorium. Octrois were still in existence in France, Italy, Spain, Portugal, and Austria after World War II, but there has been a marked tendency toward reduction of their area of operation, and in some cases they have been completely suppressed. The cost of tax collection is unduly high in relation to the yield, the levy process sometimes absorbing 50 percent of tax revenues.

Learn more about octroi with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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8
9
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