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officinal

[uh-fis-uh-nl] /əˈfɪs ə nl/
adjective
1.
kept in stock by apothecaries, as a drug.
Compare magistral (def 1).
2.
recognized by a pharmacopoeia.
noun
3.
an officinal medicine.
Origin
1710-1720
1710-20; < Medieval Latin officīnālis of a store or workshop, equivalent to Latin officīn(a) workshop, presumably contraction of opificīna (opific-, stem of opifex artisan, equivalent to opi-, combining form akin to opus work + -fic-, combining form of facere to make, do1 + -īna -ine1; cf. office) + -ālis -al1
Related forms
officinally, adverb
nonofficinal, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for officinal

officinal

/ɒˈfɪsɪnəl; ˌɒfɪˈsaɪnəl/
adjective
1.
(of pharmaceutical products) available without prescription
2.
(of a plant) having pharmacological properties
noun
3.
an officinal preparation or plant
Derived Forms
officinally, adverb
Word Origin
C17: from Medieval Latin officīnālis, from Latin officīna workshop; see office
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for officinal
officinal
"kept in stock by a druggist," c.1720, from Fr. officinal, from M.L. officinalis, lit. "of or belonging in an officina," a storeroom (of a monastery) for medicines and necessaries, from L. officina "workshop," contraction of *opificina, from opifex (gen. opificis) "worker, maker, doer" (from opus "work") + -fex, -ficis "one who does," from facere "do, perform" (see factitious).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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officinal in Medicine

officinal of·fic·i·nal (ə-fĭs'ə-nəl, ŏf'ĭ-sī'nəl)
adj.

  1. Readily available in pharmacies; not requiring special preparation.

  2. Recognized by a pharmacopoeia.

n.
An official drug.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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