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an evergreen tree, Olea europaea, of Mediterranean and other warm regions, cultivated chiefly for its fruit. Compare olive family.
the fruit of this tree, a small oval drupe, eaten as a relish and used as a source of oil.
Also called olive wood. the wood of this tree, valued for ornamental work.
the foliage of this tree.
a wreath of it.
any of various related or similar trees.
the ocher green or dull yellow green of the unripe olive fruit.
of, pertaining to, or made of olives, their foliage, or their fruit.
of the color olive.
tinged with this color: an olive complexion.

1150–1200; Middle English < Old French < Latin olīva, by-form of olea < dialectal Greek *elaíwa olive, olive tree; cf. oil, oleaceous

subolive, adjective


a female given name.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
olive (ˈɒlɪv)
1.  an evergreen oleaceous tree, Olea europaea, of the Mediterranean region but cultivated elsewhere, having white fragrant flowers, and edible shiny black fruits
2.  the fruit of this plant, eaten as a relish and used as a source of olive oil
3.  the wood of the olive tree, used for ornamental work
4.  any of various trees or shrubs resembling the olive
5.  a.  a yellow-green colour
 b.  (as adjective): an olive coat
6.  an angler's name for the dun of various mayflies or an artificial fly in imitation of this
7.  of, relating to, or made of the olive tree, its wood, or its fruit
[C13: via Old French from Latin oliva, related to Greek elaia olive tree; compare Greek elaion oil]

Olives (ˈɒlɪvz)
Mount of Olives a hill to the east of Jerusalem: in New Testament times the village Bethany (Mark 11:11) was on its eastern slope and Gethsemane on its western one

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

c.1200, "olive tree," from O.Fr. olive, from L. oliva "olive, olive tree," from Gk. elaia "olive tree, olive," probably from the same Aegean language (perhaps Cretan) as Armenian ewi "oil." Applied to the fruit or berry of the tree in Eng. from late 14c. Olive branch as a token of peace is from early
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

olive ol·ive (ŏl'ĭv)
See olivary body.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Bible Dictionary

Olive definition

the fruit of the olive-tree. This tree yielded oil which was highly valued. The best oil was from olives that were plucked before being fully ripe, and then beaten or squeezed (Deut. 24:20; Isa. 17:6; 24:13). It was called "beaten," or "fresh oil" (Ex. 27:20). There were also oil-presses, in which the oil was trodden out by the feet (Micah 6:15). James (3:12) calls the fruit "olive berries." The phrase "vineyards and olives" (Judg. 15:5, A.V.) should be simply "olive-yard," or "olive-garden," as in the Revised Version. (See OIL.)

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences for olives
After examination the bones were reburied on the mount of olives.
Images for olives
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