[ol-mek, ohl-] Archaeology.
of or designating a Mesoamerican civilization, c1000–400 b.c., along the southern Gulf coast of Mexico, characterized by extensive agriculture, a dating system, long-distance trade networks, pyramids and ceremonial centers, and very fine jade work.
noun, plural Olmecs (especially collectively) Olmec.
a member of the ancient people who belonged to the Olmec civilization.
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World English Dictionary
Olmec (ˈɒlmɛk)
n , pl -mecs, -mec
1.  a member of an ancient Central American Indian people who inhabited the southern Gulf Coast of Mexico and flourished between about 1200 and 400 bc
2.  of or relating to these people or their civilization or culture

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1787, from Nahuatl Olmecatl (pl. Olmeca), lit. "inhabitant of the rubber country."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences for olmec
The earliest record of using chocolate dates back before the olmec.
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