the action of opposing, resisting, or combating.
antagonism or hostility.
a person or group of people opposing, criticizing, or protesting something, someone, or another group.
(sometimes initial capital letter) the major political party opposed to the party in power and seeking to replace it.
the act of placing opposite, or the state or position of being placed opposite.
the act of opposing, or the state of being opposed by way of comparison or contrast.
the relation between two propositions that have the same subject and predicate, but which differ in quantity or quality, or in both.
the relation between two propositions in virtue of which the truth or falsity of one of them determines the truth or falsity of the other.
Astronomy. the situation of two heavenly bodies when their longitudes or right ascensions differ by 180°: The moon is in opposition to the sun when the earth is directly between them.
Astrology. the situation of two heavenly bodies or groups of heavenly bodies whose celestial longitudes differ by 180°, conducive to confrontation or revelation: an astrological aspect.
Electricity. the condition that exists when two waves of the same frequency are out of phase by one-half of a period.
the relationship between any two alternative units within a linguistic system, especially between minimally distinct phonemes.
the feature that constitutes the difference between two such units.

1350–1400; < Latin oppositiōn- (stem of oppositiō), equivalent to opposit(us) (see opposite) + -iōn- -ion; replacing Middle English opposicioun < Old French opposicion < Latin as above

oppositional, oppositionary, adjective
oppositionless, adjective
nonopposition, noun
preopposition, noun
superopposition, noun
unoppositional, adjective

apposition, opposition.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To oppositional
World English Dictionary
opposition (ˌɒpəˈzɪʃən)
1.  the act of opposing or the state of being opposed
2.  hostility, unfriendliness, or antagonism
3.  a person or group antagonistic or opposite in aims to another
4.  a.  the opposition a political party or group opposed to the ruling party or government
 b.  (capital as part of a name, esp in Britain and other Commonwealth countries): Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition
 c.  in opposition (of a political party) opposing the government
5.  a position facing or opposite another
6.  the act of placing something facing or opposite something else
7.  something that acts as an obstacle to some course or progress
8.  astronomy
 a.  the position of an outer planet or the moon when it is in line or nearly in line with the earth as seen from the sun and is approximately at its nearest to the earth
 b.  Compare conjunction the position of two celestial bodies when they appear to be diametrically opposite each other on the celestial sphere
9.  astrology conjunction square See trine an exact aspect of 180° between two planets, etc, an orb of 8° being allowed
10.  logic
 a.  the relation between propositions having the same subject and predicate but differing in quality, quantity, or both, as with all men are wicked; no men are wicked; some men are not wicked
 b.  square of opposition a diagram representing these relations with the contradictory propositions at diagonally opposite corners
11.  chess the opposition a relative position of the kings in the endgame such that the player who has the move is at a disadvantage: his opponent has the opposition

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
Cite This Source
Word Origin & History

late 14c., an astrological term for two heavenly bodies exactly across from one another in the sky, from O.Fr. oposicion (12c.), from L. oppositionem (nom. oppositio) "act of opposing," from pp. stem of opponere "set against" (see opponent). Meaning "contrast, antagonism"
first attested 1580s; sense of "political party opposed to the one in power" is from 1704.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
American Heritage
Science Dictionary
opposition   (ŏp'ə-zĭsh'ən)  Pronunciation Key 
  1. A characteristic movement of the primate thumb, in which the pad of the thumb can be placed in contact with the pads of the fingers of the same hand.

  2. The position of two celestial bodies when their celestial longitude differs by 180°, especially a configuration in which Earth lies on a straight line between the Sun and a superior planet or the Moon. Planets in this position rise as the Sun sets and are visible all night long, reaching their highest point in the sky at midnight; the Moon in this position is full. Compare conjunction. See more at elongation.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
Cite This Source
Example sentences
One of the hallmarks of beer is-an oppositional one is-that you cannot tell a
But being chronically oppositional and ornery nowadays in academe is a sure
  ticket out the door.
It is oppositional in its essence, and people invest themselves deeply in it.
Gretchen asked, with her oppositional, possibly aggrieved edge.
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature