the exercise of authority or power in a burdensome, cruel, or unjust manner.
an act or instance of oppressing.
the state of being oppressed.
the feeling of being heavily burdened, mentally or physically, by troubles, adverse conditions, anxiety, etc.

1300–50; Middle English oppressioun < Middle French < Latin oppressiōn- (stem of oppressiō) a pressing down, equivalent to oppress(us) (see oppress) + -iōn- -ion

nonoppression, noun
preoppression, noun
self-oppression, noun

1. tyranny, despotism, persecution. 3, 4. hardship, suffering.

1. kindness, justice.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
oppression (əˈprɛʃən)
1.  the act of subjugating by cruelty, force, etc or the state of being subjugated in this way
2.  the condition of being afflicted or tormented
3.  the condition of having something lying heavily on one's mind, imagination, etc

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

mid-14c., "cruel or unjust use of power or authority," from Fr. oppression (12c.), from L. oppressionem (nom. oppressio), noun of action from pp. stem of opprimere (see oppress). Meaning "action of weighing on someone's mind or spirits" is from late 14c.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The media focus solely on poverty and the cycle of oppression.
Millions more are agricultural workers trapped in an inescapable cycle of
  extreme poverty, illiteracy, and oppression.
Why don't you get a decent job that doesn't involve the oppression of
  intelligent mammals.
The fear was that they'd be used as tools of oppression.
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