oral

oral

[awr-uhl, ohr-]
adjective
1.
uttered by the mouth; spoken: oral testimony.
2.
of, using, or transmitted by speech: oral methods of language teaching; oral traditions.
3.
of, pertaining to, or involving the mouth: the oral cavity.
4.
done, taken, or administered through the mouth: an oral dose of medicine.
5.
Phonetics. articulated with none of the voice issuing through the nose, as the normal English vowels and the consonants b and v.
6.
Psychoanalysis.
a.
of or pertaining to the earliest phase of infantile psychosexual development, lasting from birth to one year of age or longer, during which pleasure is obtained from eating, sucking, and biting.
b.
of or pertaining to the sublimation of feelings experienced during the oral stage of childhood: oral anxiety.
c.
of or pertaining to gratification by stimulation of the lips or membranes of the mouth, as in sucking, eating, or talking
7.
Zoology. pertaining to that surface of polyps and marine animals that contains the mouth and tentacles.
noun
8.
an oral examination in a school, college, or university, given especially to a candidate for an advanced degree.

Origin:
1615–25; < Latin ōr- (stem of ōs) mouth (cognate with Sanskrit āsya) + -al1

orality, noun
orally, adverb
nonoral, adjective
nonorally, adverb
postoral, adjective
suboral, adjective
unoral, adjective
unorally, adverb

oral, aural.


1. See verbal.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
oral (ˈɔːrəl, ˈɒrəl)
 
adj
1.  spoken or verbal: an oral agreement
2.  relating to, affecting, or for use in the mouth: an oral thermometer
3.  of or relating to the surface of an animal, such as a jellyfish, on which the mouth is situated
4.  Compare parenteral denoting a drug to be taken by mouth: an oral contraceptive
5.  of, relating to, or using spoken words
6.  phonetics pronounced with the soft palate in a raised position completely closing the nasal cavity and allowing air to pass out only through the mouth
7.  psychoanal
 a.  relating to a stage of psychosexual development during which the child's interest is concentrated on the mouth
 b.  anal genital Compare phallic denoting personality traits, such as dependence, selfishness, and aggression, resulting from fixation at the oral stage
 
n
8.  an examination in which the questions and answers are spoken rather than written
 
[C17: from Late Latin orālis, from Latin ōs face]
 
'orally
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

oral
1625, from L.L. oralis, from L. os (gen. oris) "mouth, opening, face, entrance," from PIE *os-/*ous- "mouth" (cf. Skt. asan "mouth," asyam "mouth, opening," Avestan ah-, Hittite aish, M.Ir. a "mouth," O.N. oss "mouth of a river," O.E. or "beginning, origin, front"). Psychological meaning "of the mouth
as the focus of infantile sexual energy" (e.g. oral fixation) is from 1910. The sexual sense is first recorded 1948, in Kinsey.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

oral o·ral (ôr'əl)
adj.

  1. Of or relating to the mouth.

  2. Used in or taken through the mouth.

  3. Of or relating to the first stage of psychosexual development in psychoanalytic theory, in which the mouth is the focus of exploration and pleasure.


o'ral·ly adv.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
oral   (ôr'əl)  Pronunciation Key 
Relating to or involving the mouth.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

oral

city, western Kazakhstan, along the Ural (Zhayyq) River. Founded in 1613 or 1622 by Cossacks fleeing a tsarist punitive campaign, it was known as Yaitsky Gorodok until 1775, when its name was changed following the Pugachov Rebellion. The town was a centre of both the Stenka Razin (1667) and Yemelyan Pugachov (1773) uprisings and was the headquarters of the Ural Cossacks. It had a lively trade with European Russia in fish from the Ural River and livestock products from the Kazakh steppes. Its commercial importance began to decline in the early 20th century when the new railway to Turkistan bypassed it. Oral's industries today include leather and footwear, meatpacking, flour milling, some engineering, and a licorice works. The city has teacher-training and agricultural institutes, the oldest theatre in Kazakhstan, and a museum with historic Cossack mementos

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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