[aw-rey-shuhn, oh-rey-]
a formal public speech, especially one delivered on a special occasion, as on an anniversary, at a funeral, or at academic exercises.
a public speech characterized by a studied or elevated style, diction, or delivery.

1325–75; Middle English oracion < Latin ōrātiōn- (stem of ōrātiō) speech, prayer, equivalent to ōrāt(us) (past participle of ōrāre to plead, derivative of ōr-, stem of ōs mouth) + -iōn- -ion

oration, peroration.

1. See speech. 2. discourse, declamation.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
oration (ɔːˈreɪʃən)
1.  a formal public declaration or speech
2.  any rhetorical, lengthy, or pompous speech
3.  an academic exercise or contest in public speaking
[C14: from Latin ōrātiō speech, harangue, from ōrāre to plead, pray]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

late 14c., "prayer," from L.L. orationem (nom. oratio) "speaking, discourse, language, prayer," from L. oratus, pp. of orare (see orator). Meaning "formal speech, discourse" first recorded c.1500.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
It cannot be regarded as merely memorizing a string of words to deliver a swelling oration.
It's a sermon, a series of miracles and a rousing patriotic oration about the homeland.
The occasion for this brief oration was a traveling hip-hop festival.
The oration caused everyone in the court to cry, even the judge.
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