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Denotation vs. Connotation

orb

[awrb] /ɔrb/
noun
1.
a sphere or globe:
a Christmas tree hung with brightly colored orbs.
2.
the eyeball or eye:
He looks with blind orbs on an indifferent world.
3.
any of the heavenly bodies, as the sun or moon:
He lay on the grass, warmed by that orb of day, the sun.
4.
a globe bearing a cross; the mound or emblem of sovereignty, especially as part of the regalia of England.
5.
Astrology. the number of degrees from exactness within which an aspect operates.
6.
a circle or something circular.
7.
Astronomy. (formerly) the orbit of a heavenly body.
8.
the earth.
verb (used with object)
9.
to form into a circle or sphere.
10.
Archaic. to encircle; enclose.
verb (used without object)
11.
to move in an orbit.
12.
to form into an orb or globe; round out.
Origin of orb
1520-1530
1520-30; < Latin orbis circle, disk, orb
Related forms
orbless, adjective
orblike, adjective
unorbed, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for orb
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • The whole eastern horizon becomes almost suddenly black, and this darkness spreads upwards, obscuring the orb of day.

    The Desert World Arthur Mangin
  • Looking into the orb of light, he sees nothing, but he is warmed and elevated.

    The Republic Plato
  • But his orb was now in the zenith, and of no service to point out the quarter of the compass.

  • That orb is of a sinister appearance, but to do it justice it looks heated.

    Hypolympia Edmund Gosse
  • The fires of the orb of day shed their beneficent influence generally upon the world.

    Astronomy for Amateurs Camille Flammarion
  • Gazing on the outline of the orb, one might have fancied oneself in England.

British Dictionary definitions for orb

orb

/ɔːb/
noun
1.
(in royal regalia) an ornamental sphere surmounted by a cross, representing the power of a sovereign
2.
a sphere; globe
3.
(poetic) another word for eye1
4.
(obsolete or poetic)
  1. a celestial body, esp the earth or sun
  2. the orbit of a celestial body
5.
an archaic word for circle
verb
6.
to make or become circular or spherical
7.
(transitive) an archaic word for encircle
Word Origin
C16: from Latin orbis circle, disc
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for orb
n.

mid-15c., "sphere, globe, something spherical or circular," from Old French orbe "orb, globe" (13c.) and directly from Latin orbem (nominative orbis) "circle, disk, ring, hoop, orbit," probably related to orbita "wheel track, rut," of unknown origin. Watkins suggests a connection with the root of orchid.

A three-dimensional extension of a word originally describing two-dimensional shapes. Astronomical sense is in reference to the hollow spheres that carried the planets and stars in the Ptolemaic system. As a verb from c.1600. Orb weaver spider is first recorded 1889.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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orb in Technology
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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