[awr-ee-ohl, ohr-]
any of several usually brightly colored, passerine birds of the family Oriolidae, of the Old World. Compare golden oriole.
any of several brightly colored passerine birds of the family Icteridae, of the New World.

1770–80; < French oriol, Old French < Medieval Latin oriolus, variant of Latin aureolus golden, equivalent to aure(us) golden (derivative of aurum gold) + -olus -ole1

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World English Dictionary
oriole (ˈɔːrɪˌəʊl)
1.  any songbird of the mainly tropical Old World family Oriolidae, such as Oriolus oriolus (golden oriole), having a long pointed bill and a mostly yellow-and-black plumage
2.  any American songbird of the family Icteridae, esp those of the genus Icterus, such as the Baltimore oriole, with a typical male plumage of black with either orange or yellow
[C18: from Medieval Latin oryolus, from Latin aureolus, diminutive of aureus, from aurum gold]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1776, from Fr. oriol, O.Prov. auriol, from L. aureolus "golden," from PIE *aus- "gold." Originally in ref. to the Golden Oriole (Oriolus galbula), a bird of black and yellow plumage that summers in Europe (but is uncommon in England). Applied from 1791 to the unrelated but similarly colored Amer. species
Icterus baltimore.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Forests breathe feverishly, clouds sing softly, a golden oriole prays for rain.
Cowbird and oriole eggs are about the same size, so the returning orioles do not notice the extra egg.
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