ornament

[n. awr-nuh-muhnt; v. awr-nuh-ment, -muhnt]
noun
1.
an accessory, article, or detail used to beautify the appearance of something to which it is added or of which it is a part: architectural ornaments.
2.
a system, category, or style of such objects or features; ornamentation: a book on Gothic ornament.
3.
any adornment or means of adornment.
4.
a person or thing that adds to the credit or glory of a society, era, etc.
5.
the act of adorning.
6.
the state of being adorned.
7.
mere outward display: a speech more of ornament than of ideas.
8.
Chiefly Ecclesiastical. any accessory, adjunct, or equipment.
9.
Music. a tone or group of tones applied as decoration to a principal melodic tone.
verb (used with object)
10.
to furnish with ornaments; embellish: to ornament a musical composition.
11.
to be an ornament to: Several famous scientists were acquired to ornament the university.

Origin:
1175–1225; < Latin ornāmentum equipment, ornament, equivalent to ornā(re) to equip + -mentum -ment; replacing Middle English ornement < Old French < Latin, as above

ornamenter, noun
overornament, verb (used with object)
reornament, verb (used with object)
superornament, noun
superornament, verb (used with object)


1. embellishment. 3, 5. decoration. 10, 11. decorate, adorn, grace.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
ornament
 
n
1.  anything that enhances the appearance of a person or thing
2.  decorations collectively: she was totally without ornament
3.  a small decorative object
4.  something regarded as a source of pride or beauty
5.  music any of several decorations, such as the trill, mordent, etc, occurring chiefly as improvised embellishments in baroque music
 
vb
6.  to decorate with or as if with ornaments
7.  to serve as an ornament to
 
[C14: from Latin ornāmentum, from ornāre to adorn]
 
ornamen'tation
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

ornament
early 13c., "an accessory," from O.Fr. ornement, from L. ornamentum "equipment, trappings, embellishment," from ornare "equip, adorn" (see ornate). Meaning "decoration, embellishment" is attested from late 14c. The verb is first recorded 1720, from the noun.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

ornament

in architecture, any element added to an otherwise merely structural form, usually for purposes of decoration or embellishment. Three basic and fairly distinct categories of ornament in architecture may be recognized: mimetic, or imitative, ornament, the forms of which have certain definite meanings or symbolic significance; applied ornament, intended to add beauty to a structure but extrinsic to it; and organic ornament, inherent in the building's function or materials

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
The wheelbarrow as lawn ornament doesn't have to be the gnome-driven variety.
Elaborate ornament surrounds the main entrance to the commons.
There are also miniature paintings and a single, twinkling turban ornament.
The oddly paired wings might be an extraordinary type of ornament for wooing
  females, they said.
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