|Norwegian name: Norge a kingdom in NW Europe, occupying the W part of the Scandinavian peninsula: first united in the Viking age (800--1050); under the rule of Denmark (1523--1814) and Sweden (1814--1905); became an independent monarchy in 1905. Its coastline is deeply indented by fjords and fringed with islands, rising inland to plateaus and mountains. Norway has a large fishing fleet and its merchant navy is among the world's largest. Official language: Norwegian. Official religion: Evangelical Lutheran. Currency: krone. Capital: Oslo. Pop: 4 552 000 (2004 est). Area: 323 878 sq km (125 050 sq miles)|
|Oslo (ˈɒzləʊ, Norwegian ˈuslu)|
|Christiania, Former name: Kristiania the capital and chief port of Norway, in the southeast at the head of Oslo Fjord (an inlet of the Skagerrak): founded in about 1050; university (1811); a major commercial and industrial centre, producing about a quarter of Norway's total output. Pop: 521 886 (2004 est)|
Note: Norway was occupied by German troops in World War II.
Capital of Norway and largest city in the country, located at the head of a fjord on Norway's southern coast; Norway's main port and chief commercial, industrial, and transportation center.