osteomyelitis

[os-tee-oh-mahy-uh-lahy-tis]
noun Pathology.
an inflammation of the bone and bone marrow, usually caused by bacterial infection.

Origin:
1850–55; osteo- + myelitis

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Collins
World English Dictionary
osteomyelitis (ˌɒstɪəʊˌmaɪɪˈlaɪtɪs)
 
n
inflammation of bone marrow, caused by infection

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

osteomyelitis os·te·o·my·e·li·tis (ŏs'tē-ō-mī'ə-lī'tĭs)
n.
Inflammation of bone and bone marrow. Also called central osteitis.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

osteomyelitis

infection of bone tissue. The condition is most commonly caused by the infectious organism Staphylococcus aureus, which reaches the bone via the bloodstream or by extension from a local injury; inflammation follows with destruction of the cancellous (porous) bone and marrow, loss of blood supply, and bone death. Living bone grows around the infected area and walls in the dead tissue, forming an involucrum, the contents of which are gradually resorbed as the lesion is repaired. Symptoms include fever, chills, and bone pain; later, swelling and redness may develop around the area of infection. Diagnosis is confirmed by radionuclide bone scans. The precise cause of the infection is determined by cultures of the blood and bone. Treatment of osteomyelitis requires the long-term administration of intravenous antibiotics; some patients also require surgery to remove dead bone tissue. If the disease is not treated appropriately, acute osteomyelitis can progress to a chronic disease. In chronic osteomyelitis, infection remains active, and periodic drainage to the surface via sinus tracts may occur. Bone damage may be extensive, possibly requiring amputation of the affected limb.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Cellulitis and osteomyelitis are treated with antibiotics.
Gita had osteomyelitis in her toes and was losing bones in her feet.
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