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ostracize

[os-truh-sahyz] /ˈɒs trəˌsaɪz/
verb (used with object), ostracized, ostracizing.
1.
to exclude, by general consent, from society, friendship, conversation, privileges, etc.:
His friends ostracized him after his father's arrest.
2.
to banish (a person) from his or her native country; expatriate.
3.
(in ancient Greece) to banish (a citizen) temporarily by popular vote.
Also, especially British, ostracise.
Origin
1640-1650
1640-50; < Greek ostrakízein, equivalent to óstrak(on) potsherd, tile, ballot (akin to óstreion oyster, shell) + -izein -ize
Related forms
ostracizable, adjective
ostracization, noun
ostracizer, noun
Synonyms
1. shun, snub, blacklist.
Antonyms
1. accept.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for ostracization
  • They were in the danger of losing caste, which meant social ostracization.
  • Those who tested the color line risked ostracization or intimidation.
British Dictionary definitions for ostracization

ostracize

/ˈɒstrəˌsaɪz/
verb (transitive)
1.
to exclude or banish (a person) from a particular group, society, etc
2.
(in ancient Greece) to punish by temporary exile
Derived Forms
ostracism, noun
ostracizable, ostracisable, adjective
ostracizer, ostraciser, noun
Word Origin
C17: from Greek ostrakizein to select someone for banishment by voting on potsherds; see ostracon
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for ostracization

ostracize

v.

1640s, from Greek ostrakizein "to banish," literally "to banish by voting with potshards" (see ostracism). Figurative sense of "to exclude from society" is attested from 1640s. Related: Ostracization; ostracized; ostracizing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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