late 13c., "violent behavior, excess, extravagance," from O.Fr. outrage (12c.), earlier oltrage (11c.), from V.L. *ultraticum "excess," from L. ultra "beyond." Etymologically, "the passing beyond reasonable bounds" in any sense; meaning narrowed in Eng. toward violent excesses because of folk etymology from out + rage. Of injuries to feelings, principles, etc., from 1769. The verb is from c.1300 in the sense of "to go to excess;" 1580s with meaning "do violence to."