outrigger

[out-rig-er]
noun
1.
a framework extended outboard from the side of a boat, especially, as in South Pacific canoes, supporting a float that gives stability.
2.
a bracket extending outward from the side of a racing shell, to support an oarlock.
3.
the shell itself.
4.
a spar rigged out from a ship's rail or the like, as for extending a sail.
5.
a long, flexible rod, attached to a fishing boat near the stern, along which a fishing line may be threaded to keep it clear of the boat's wake when trolling.
6.
a structure extending outward from a vehicle, vessel, or aircraft to increase stability or provide support for something.
7.
a projecting beam, as for supporting a hoisting tackle.
8.
a horizontal steel beam extending the base of a crane.

Origin:
1740–50; out- + rig + -er1

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
outrigger (ˈaʊtˌrɪɡə)
 
n
1.  a framework for supporting a pontoon outside and parallel to the hull of a boat to provide stability
2.  a boat equipped with such a framework, esp one of the canoes of the South Pacific
3.  any projecting framework attached to a boat, aircraft, building, etc, to act as a support
4.  rowing another name for rigger
 
[C18: from out- + rig1 + -er1; perhaps influenced by archaic outligger outlier]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

outrigger
device used in Pacific and Indian oceans to stabilize canoes, 1748, altered (by influence of rig) from outligger (1481) "a spar projecting from a vessel," probably from the same root as Du. uitlegger, lit. "out-lyer."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The pounding outrigger and hull beat up a froth that attracts the tuna, bringing them right up under the stern.
Villagers paddle outrigger canoes and grow taro and other traditional staples.
The outrigger was found with a broken weld under some rubble on the ground.
Outrigger canoeing racing of traditional pacific ocean outrigger canoes.
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