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promise

[prom-is] /ˈprɒm ɪs/
noun
1.
a declaration that something will or will not be done, given, etc., by one:
unkept political promises.
2.
an express assurance on which expectation is to be based:
promises that an enemy will not win.
3.
something that has the effect of an express assurance; indication of what may be expected.
4.
indication of future excellence or achievement:
a writer who shows promise.
5.
something that is promised.
verb (used with object), promised, promising.
6.
to engage or undertake by promise (usually used with an infinitive or a clause as object):
She promised to go tomorrow.
7.
to make a promise of (some specified act, gift, etc.):
to promise help.
8.
to make a promise of something to (a specified person):
Promise me that you will come.
9.
to afford ground for expecting:
The sky promised a storm.
10.
to engage to join in marriage.
11.
to assure (used in emphatic declarations):
I won't go there again, I promise you that!
verb (used without object), promised, promising.
12.
to afford ground for expectation (often followed by well or fair):
His forthcoming novel promises well.
13.
to make a promise.
Origin
late Middle English
1375-1425
1375-1425; (noun) late Middle English promis(se) < Medieval Latin prōmissa, for Latin prōmissum, noun use of neuter past participle of prōmittere to promise, literally, to send forth, equivalent to prō- pro-1 + mittere to send; (v.) late Middle English promisen, derivative of the noun
Related forms
promisable, adjective
promiseful, adjective
promiser, noun
outpromise, verb (used with object), outpromised, outpromising.
overpromise, verb (used with object), overpromised, overpromising.
prepromise, noun, verb (used with object), prepromised, prepromising.
quasi-promised, adjective
repromise, verb, repromised, repromising.
unpromised, adjective
Synonyms
2. word, pledge. 6. pledge, covenant, agree.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for overpromise

promise

/ˈprɒmɪs/
verb
1.
often foll by to; when tr, may take a clause as object or an infinitive. to give an assurance of (something to someone); undertake (to do something) in the future I promise that I will come
2.
(transitive) to undertake to give (something to someone) he promised me a car for my birthday
3.
(when transitive, takes an infinitive) to cause one to expect that in the future one is likely (to be or do something) she promises to be a fine soprano
4.
(usually passive) to engage to be married; betroth I'm promised to Bill
5.
(transitive) to assure (someone) of the authenticity or inevitability of something (often in the parenthetic phrase I promise you, used to emphasize a statement) there'll be trouble, I promise you
noun
6.
an undertaking or assurance given by one person to another agreeing or guaranteeing to do or give something, or not to do or give something, in the future
7.
indication of forthcoming excellence or goodness a writer showing considerable promise
8.
the thing of which an assurance is given
Derived Forms
promiser, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Latin prōmissum a promise, from prōmittere to send forth
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for overpromise
promise
c.1400, from L. promissum "a promise," noun use of neuter pp. of promittere "send forth, foretell, promise," from pro- "before" + mittere "to put, send" (see mission). Ground sense is "declaration made about the future, about some act to be done or not done." The verb is attested from c.1420. Promised land (1538) is a ref. to the land of Canaan promised to Abraham and his progeny (Heb. xi.9, etc.; Gk. ten ges tes epangelias). Promising "showing signs of future excellence" is from 1601.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for overpromise

promise

Related Terms

a lick and a promise


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with overpromise
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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18
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