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Denotation vs. Connotation

pro1

[proh] /proʊ/
adverb
1.
in favor of a proposition, opinion, etc.
noun, plural pros.
2.
a proponent of an issue; a person who upholds the affirmative in a debate.
3.
an argument, consideration, vote, etc., for something.
Compare con1 .
Origin of pro1
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English < Latin prō (prep) in favor of, for; akin to per-, Greek pró, Sanskrit pra

pro2

[proh] /proʊ/ Informal.
adjective
noun, plural pros.
2.
a professional.
3.
the pros, the professional athletic leagues, as of football, baseball, or basketball:
He's sure to be signed by the pros.
Origin
1840-50; shortened form

pro3

[proh] /proʊ/
noun, plural pros. Slang.
1.
prophylactic (def 5).
Origin
shortened form

pro

[proh; English proh] /proʊ; English proʊ/
preposition, Latin.
1.
for.

PRO

or P.R.O

1.
public relations officer.

Pro

Biochemistry
1.

pro-1

1.
a prefix indicating favor for some party, system, idea, etc., without identity with the group (pro-British; pro-Communist; proslavery), having anti- as its opposite.
2.
a prefix of priority in space or time having especially a meaning of advancing or projecting forward or outward, and also used to indicate substitution, attached widely to stems not used as words:
provision; prologue; proceed; produce; protract; procathedral; proconsul.
Origin
< Latin prō-, pro-, combining form representing prō pro1

pro-2

1.
a prefix identical in meaning with pro-1, , occurring in words borrowed from Greek (prodrome) or formed of Greek (and occasionally Latin) elements.
Origin
< Greek, combining form of pró for, before; see pro1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for pro
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Duodecim denarios per diem, et octo marcas per annum, pro vadiis suis pro vit.

    A Book about Doctors John Cordy Jeaffreson
  • C4-6 are a reduplication, not unnatural indeed, but pro tanto tautological.

    Cyropaedia Xenophon
  • Ay, by the blue vault of heaven will we,” said Bunce, “if it be pro bono publico!

    The Pirate Sir Walter Scott
  • “Yes, but not for motion without the ‘pro,’” objected de Spain.

    Nan of Music Mountain Frank H. Spearman
  • It bears the following date and inscription: Sancte Joseph, Ora pro nobis, 1682.

British Dictionary definitions for pro

pro1

/prəʊ/
adverb
1.
in favour of a motion, issue, course of action, etc Compare anti
preposition
2.
in favour of
noun (pl) pros
3.
(usually pl) an argument or vote in favour of a proposal or motion See also pros and cons
4.
(usually pl) a person who votes in favour of a proposal, motion, etc
See con2
Word Origin
from Latin prō (prep) in favour of

pro2

/prəʊ/
noun (pl) pros
1.
(informal) short for professional
2.
(slang) a prostitute
abbreviation
3.
professional practitioner
adjective
4.
(informal) short for professional
Word Origin
C19: by shortening

PRO

abbreviation
1.
Public Records Office
2.
public relations officer

pro-1

prefix
1.
in favour of; supporting: pro-Chinese
2.
acting as a substitute for: proconsul, pronoun
Word Origin
from Latin prō (adv and prep). In compound words borrowed from Latin, prō- indicates: forward, out (project); forward and down (prostrate); away from a place (prodigal); onward in time or space (proceed); extension outwards (propagate); before in time or place (provide, protect); on behalf of (procure); acting as a substitute for (pronominal); and sometimes intensive force (promiscuous)

pro-2

prefix
1.
before in time or position; anterior; forward: prophase, procephalic, prognathous
Word Origin
from Greek pro (prep) before (in time, position, rank, etc)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for pro
n.

1866, shortening of professional (n.). The adjective is first recorded 1915 (in golfing's pro shop).

"a consideration or argument in favor," c.1400, from Latin pro (see pro-). Pro and con is attested from c.1400, short for pro and contra "for and against" (Latin pro et contra).

pro-

word-forming element meaning "forward, forth, toward the front" (e.g. proclaim, proceed); "beforehand, in advance" (prohibit, provide); "taking care of" (procure); "in place of, on behalf of" (proconsul, pronoun); from Latin pro "on behalf of, in place of, before, for, in exchange for, just as," which also was used as a prefix.

Also in some cases from cognate Greek pro "before, in front of, sooner," which also was used in Greek as a prefix (e.g. problem). Both the Latin and Greek words are from PIE *pro- (cf. Sanskrit pra- "before, forward, forth;" Gothic faura "before," Old English fore "before, for, on account of," fram "forward, from;" Old Irish roar "enough"), extended form of root *per- (1) "forward, through" (see per).

The common modern sense "in favor of, favoring" (e.g. pro-independence, pro-fluoridation, pro-Soviet) was not in classical Latin and is attested in English from early 19c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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pro in Medicine

Pro abbr.
proline

pro- pref.

  1. Earlier; before; prior to: progenitor.

  2. Rudimentary: pronucleus.

  3. Anterior; in front of: procephalic.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Slang definitions & phrases for pro

pro 1

modifier

: pro ranks

noun

  1. A professional in any field, as distinct from an amateur, and mainly distinguished by superior and dependable performance: hear his song played and sung by pros (1866+)
  2. A prostitute: He treats all women like pros and all men like enemies (1937+)

[the last sense perhaps fr professional reinforced by prostitute, or vice versa]

pro 2

noun

A prophylactic for preventing venereal disease; condom; rubber (WWII armed forces)

pro

noun

  1. Probation as a judicial sentence (1950s+)
  2. A person on probation
The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Related Abbreviations for pro

pro

1.
professional
2.
prostitute

PRO

1.
peer review organization
2.
professional review organization
3.
pronoun
4.
public relations officer
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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