Owatonna

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owatonna

city, seat (1856) of Steele county, southern Minnesota, U.S. It lies astride the Straight River, known to the Sioux as Owatonna (meaning "straight"), about 65 miles (105 km) south of Minneapolis. Founded in 1854, the city soon became a stopping place for several stagecoach and, later, railroad lines and a milling centre using the river's waterpower. According to legend, the Straight River had curative powers and was able to restore the daughter of an Indian chief to health; a statue of the princess dating from the 1930s stands in Mineral Springs Park, which was the site of an 1870s planned health resort. Owatonna was also the site of Minnesota's only state orphanage (1886-1945); the orphanage's complex now houses a museum, an arts centre, and a sculpture garden. The innovative American architect Louis Sullivan designed Owatonna's National Farmers' Bank Building (1908). Formerly a major producer of butter, Owatonna still has dairying interests and also produces livestock, corn (maize), soybeans, and peas. Manufactures include glass, tools, electronics, hardware, music equipment, exercise equipment, and heavy machinery; insurance and food processing are also important. A community college campus is located in the city. The Village of Yesteryear showcases restored pioneer buildings; Heritage Halls is a transportation and children's museum. Rice Lake State Park is to the east. Inc. town, 1858; city, 1865. Pop. (1990) 19,386; (2000) 22,434.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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