oxbow-lake

oxbow

[oks-boh]
noun
1.
a U -shaped piece of wood placed under and around the neck of an ox with its upper ends in the bar of the yoke.
2.
Physical Geography, Geology.
a.
a bow-shaped bend in a river, or the land embraced by it.
b.
Also called oxbow lake. a bow-shaped lake formed in a former channel of a river.

Origin:
1325–75; Middle English; see ox, bow2

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
oxbow (ˈɒksˌbəʊ)
 
n
1.  a U-shaped piece of wood fitted under and around the neck of a harnessed ox and attached to the yoke
2.  oxbow lake, Also called: cutoff a small curved lake lying on the flood plain of a river and constituting the remnant of a former meander

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

oxbow
mid-14c., "wooden collar for an ox," from ox + bow (v.). Meaning "bend in a river" is from 1797, Amer.Eng.; meaning "curved lake left after an oxbow meander has been cut off by a change in the river course" is from 1898.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
oxbow   (ŏks'bō')  Pronunciation Key 
A sharp, U-shaped bend in a river. The bend is so sharp that only a narrow neck of land is left between the two parts of the river.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
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