follow Dictionary.com

Today's Word of the Day means...

oxidize

[ok-si-dahyz] /ˈɒk sɪˌdaɪz/
verb (used with object), oxidized, oxidizing.
1.
to convert (an element) into an oxide; combine with oxygen.
2.
to cover with a coating of oxide or rust.
3.
to take away hydrogen, as by the action of oxygen; add oxygen or any nonmetal.
4.
to remove electrons from (an atom or molecule), thereby increasing the valence.
Compare reduce (def 12).
verb (used without object), oxidized, oxidizing.
5.
to become oxidized.
6.
(especially of white wine) to lose freshness after prolonged exposure to air and often to darken in color.
Also, especially British, oxidise.
Origin
1795-1805
1795-1805; oxide + -ize
Related forms
oxidizable, oxidable
[ok-si-duh-buh l] /ˈɒk sɪ də bəl/ (Show IPA),
adjective
oxidizability, noun
antioxidizing, adjective
half-oxidized, adjective
nonoxidizable, adjective
nonoxidizing, adjective
overoxidize, verb, overoxidized, overoxidizing.
reoxidize, verb, reoxidized, reoxidizing.
underoxidize, verb (used with object), underoxidized, underoxidizing.
unoxidizable, adjective
unoxidized, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source
Examples for oxidize
  • Solid-oxide fuel cells generate an electrical current by pulling oxygen from the air and using it to oxidize fuel.
  • They oxidize graphite to make graphite oxide and dissolve it in water.
  • As a wine ages in the bottle, its various components will change, and it will oxidize.
  • For example, bacteria living in active volcanoes oxidize sulfur to produce their own food.
  • Without regular attention, and occasionally even with it, paint will oxidize and fade under the sun's ultraviolet rays.
  • Silver does not oxidize, or rust, on exposure to air.
  • During the summer months, the sun's intense heat dries out the asphalt surface and causes it to oxidize.
  • Since groundwater has less oxygen, its metals seldom oxidize and don't efficiently bind to trace elements.
  • In microbial fuel cells, naturally occurring microorganisms oxidize wastewater.
  • At this point a laser can be used to de-oxidize the magnesium.
British Dictionary definitions for oxidize

oxidize

/ˈɒksɪˌdaɪz/
verb
1.
to undergo or cause to undergo a chemical reaction with oxygen, as in formation of an oxide
2.
to form or cause to form a layer of metal oxide, as in rusting
3.
to lose or cause to lose hydrogen atoms
4.
to undergo or cause to undergo a decrease in the number of electrons Compare reduce (sense 12c)
Derived Forms
oxidization, oxidisation, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Cite This Source
Word Origin and History for oxidize
oxidize
1802 (implied in oxidizable), from oxide + -ize. Related: Oxidized; oxidizing.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
oxidize in Medicine

oxidize ox·i·dize (ŏk'sĭ-dīz')
v. ox·i·dized, ox·i·diz·ing, ox·i·diz·es

  1. To combine with oxygen; change into an oxide.

  2. To increase the positive charge or valence of an element by removing electrons.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Cite This Source
oxidize in Science
oxidize
  (ŏk'sĭ-dīz')   
To undergo or cause to undergo oxidation.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
Cite This Source

Word of The Day

Difficulty index for oxidize

Some English speakers likely know this word

Word Value for oxidize

24
24
Scrabble Words With Friends