noun, plural palestras, palestrae [puh-les-tree] . Greek Antiquity.
a public place for training or exercise in wrestling or athletics.
Also, palaestra.

1375–1425; late Middle English palestre < Latin palaestra a wrestling school, place of exercise < Greek palaístra, equivalent to palais-, variant stem of palaíein to wrestle + -tra feminine noun suffix of place Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
palaestra or esp (US) palestra (pəˈlɛstrə, -ˈliː-, pəˈlɛstrə, -ˈliː-)
n , pl -tras, -trae
(in ancient Greece or Rome) a public place devoted to the training of athletes
[C16: via Latin from Greek palaistra, from palaiein to wrestle]
palestra or esp (US) palestra (pəˈlɛstrə, -ˈliː-, pəˈlɛstrə, -ˈliː-, -triː)
[C16: via Latin from Greek palaistra, from palaiein to wrestle]

palestra (pəˈlɛstrə, -ˈliː-)
n , pl -tras, -trae
the usual US spelling of palaestra

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1412, from O.Fr. palestre (12c.), from L. palæstra, from Gk. palaistra "gymnasium, public place for exercise," originally "wrestling school," from palaiein "to wrestle" (of unknown origin) + -tra, suffix denoting place.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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