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pallium

[pal-ee-uh m] /ˈpæl i əm/
noun, plural pallia
[pal-ee-uh] /ˈpæl i ə/ (Show IPA),
palliums.
1.
a large, rectangular mantle worn by men in ancient Greece and Rome.
2.
Ecclesiastical.
  1. a woolen vestment worn by the pope and conferred by him on archbishops, consisting, in its present form, of a narrow ringlike band that rests on the shoulders, with two dependent bands or lappets, one in front and one behind.
  2. an altar cloth; a pall.
3.
Anatomy. the entire cortex of the cerebrum.
4.
Zoology. a mantle, as of a mollusk or bird.
Origin
1150
before 1150; Old English < Latin (not attested in ME); see pall1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for pallia

pallium

/ˈpælɪəm/
noun (pl) -lia (-lɪə), -liums
1.
a garment worn by men in ancient Greece or Rome, made by draping a large rectangular cloth about the body
2.
(mainly RC Church) a woollen vestment consisting of a band encircling the shoulders with two lappets hanging from it front and back: worn by the pope, all archbishops, and (as a mark of special honour) some bishops
3.
(anatomy) Also called mantle. the cerebral cortex and contiguous white matter
4.
(zoology) another name for mantle (sense 5)
Word Origin
C16: from Latin: cloak; related to Latin palla mantle
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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pallia in Medicine

pallium pal·li·um (pāl'ē-əm)
n. pl. pal·li·ums or pal·li·a (-lē-ə)
The mantle of gray matter with the underlying white substance. Also called brain mantle, mantle.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Article for pallia

pallium

liturgical vestment worn over the chasuble by the pope, archbishops, and some bishops in the Roman Catholic church. It is bestowed by the pope on archbishops and bishops having metropolitan jurisdiction as a symbol of their participation in papal authority. It is made of a circular strip of white lamb's wool about two inches wide and is placed over the shoulders. Two vertical bands, extending from the circular strip in the front and back, give the pallium a Y-shaped appearance. Six crosses, one each on the chest and back and on each shoulder and band, adorn the vestment.

Learn more about pallium with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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