|—n , pl -lia, -liums|
|1.||a garment worn by men in ancient Greece or Rome, made by draping a large rectangular cloth about the body|
|2.||chiefly RC Church a woollen vestment consisting of a band encircling the shoulders with two lappets hanging from it front and back: worn by the pope, all archbishops, and (as a mark of special honour) some bishops|
|3.||anatomy Also called: mantle the cerebral cortex and contiguous white matter|
|4.||zoology another name for mantle|
|[C16: from Latin: cloak; related to Latin palla mantle]|
pallium pal·li·um (pāl'ē-əm)
n. pl. pal·li·ums or pal·li·a (-lē-ə)
The mantle of gray matter with the underlying white substance. Also called brain mantle, mantle.
liturgical vestment worn over the chasuble by the pope, archbishops, and some bishops in the Roman Catholic church. It is bestowed by the pope on archbishops and bishops having metropolitan jurisdiction as a symbol of their participation in papal authority. It is made of a circular strip of white lamb's wool about two inches wide and is placed over the shoulders. Two vertical bands, extending from the circular strip in the front and back, give the pallium a Y-shaped appearance. Six crosses, one each on the chest and back and on each shoulder and band, adorn the vestment.
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