pallia

pallium

[pal-ee-uhm]
noun, plural pallia [pal-ee-uh] , palliums.
1.
a large, rectangular mantle worn by men in ancient Greece and Rome.
2.
Ecclesiastical.
a.
a woolen vestment worn by the pope and conferred by him on archbishops, consisting, in its present form, of a narrow ringlike band that rests on the shoulders, with two dependent bands or lappets, one in front and one behind.
b.
an altar cloth; a pall.
3.
Anatomy. the entire cortex of the cerebrum.
4.
Zoology. a mantle, as of a mollusk or bird.

Origin:
before 1150; Old English < Latin (not attested in ME); see pall1

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World English Dictionary
pallium (ˈpælɪəm)
 
n , pl -lia, -liums
1.  a garment worn by men in ancient Greece or Rome, made by draping a large rectangular cloth about the body
2.  chiefly RC Church a woollen vestment consisting of a band encircling the shoulders with two lappets hanging from it front and back: worn by the pope, all archbishops, and (as a mark of special honour) some bishops
3.  anatomy Also called: mantle the cerebral cortex and contiguous white matter
4.  zoology another name for mantle
 
[C16: from Latin: cloak; related to Latin palla mantle]

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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

pallium pal·li·um (pāl'ē-əm)
n. pl. pal·li·ums or pal·li·a (-lē-ə)
The mantle of gray matter with the underlying white substance. Also called brain mantle, mantle.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
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