By 1912 Pan-Islamism had recovered its poise and was moving forward once more.
The black race offers no real danger except as the tool of Pan-Islamism.
It is to a consideration of the first of these two concepts, to Pan-Islamism, that this chapter is devoted.
That it should do so it must follow now and for ever the ideas that are the mainspring of Pan-Islamism.
Pan-Islamism has been tremendously stimulated by Western pressure, especially by the late war and the recent peace settlements.
Later on we shall examine more fully the activities of these gentry in the chapters devoted to Pan-Islamism and Nationalism.
As a world-force this band of Pan-Islamism had failed because it had been invoked by the wrong people for a wrong purpose.
They may be grouped roughly under the general concepts known as "Pan-Islamism" and "Nationalism."
The beginnings of self-conscious, systematic Pan-Islamism date from about the middle of the nineteenth century.
It was at this time that Pan-Islamism assumed that essentially anti-Western character which it has ever since retained.