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pantaloon

[pan-tl-oon] /ˌpæn tlˈun/
noun
1.
pantaloons, a man's close-fitting garment for the hips and legs, worn especially in the 19th century, but varying in form from period to period; trousers.
2.
(usually initial capital letter). Also, Pantalone
[pan-tl-oh-ney, pahn-; Italian pahn-tah-law-ne] /ˌpæn tlˈoʊ neɪ, ˌpɑn-; Italian ˌpɑn tɑˈlɔ nɛ/ (Show IPA)
. (in commedia dell'arte) a foolish old Venetian merchant, usually the head of a household, generally lascivious and frequently deceived in the course of lovers' intrigues.
3.
(in the modern pantomime) a foolish, vicious old man, the butt and accomplice of the clown.
Origin of pantaloon
1580-1590
1580-90; < Middle French Pantalon < Upper Italian (Venetian) Pantalone nickname for a Venetian, variant of Pantaleone, name of a 4th-century saint once a favorite of the Venetians
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for pantaloons

pantaloons

/ˌpæntəˈluːnz/
plural noun
1.
  1. (history) men's tight-fitting trousers, esp those fastening under the instep worn in the late 18th and early 19th centuries
  2. children's trousers resembling these
2.
(informal or facetious) any trousers, esp baggy ones

pantaloon

/ˌpæntəˈluːn/
noun (theatre)
1.
(in pantomime) an absurd old man, the butt of the clown's tricks
2.
(usually capital) (in commedia dell'arte) a lecherous old merchant dressed in pantaloons
Word Origin
C16: from French Pantalon, from Italian Pantalone, local nickname for a Venetian, probably from San Pantaleone, a fourth-century Venetian saint
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for pantaloons
n.

1660s, "kind of tights" (originally a French fashion and execrated as such by late 17c. English writers), associated with Pantaloun (1580s), silly old man character in Italian comedy who wore tight trousers over his skinny legs, from Italian Pantalone, originally San Pantaleone, Christian martyr, a popular saint in Venice (Pantaleone in the comedies represents the Venetian). The name is of Greek origin and means "all-compassionate" (or, according to Klein, "entirely lion"). Applied to tight long trousers (replacing knee-breeches) by 1798; pants is a shortened form first recorded 1840.

Pantaloon

n.

skinny, foolish old man in Italian comedy, 1580s; see pantaloons. As a kind of leggings, 1660s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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