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pantoum

[pan-toom] /pænˈtum/
noun
1.
a Malay verse form consisting of an indefinite number of quatrains with the second and fourth lines of each quatrain repeated as the first and third lines of the following one.
Also, pantun.
Origin
1880-1885
1880-85; < French, erroneous spelling for pantoun < Malay pantun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for pantoum

pantoum

/pænˈtuːm/
noun
1.
(prosody) a verse form consisting of a series of quatrains in which the second and fourth lines of each verse are repeated as the first and third lines of the next
Word Origin
C19: via French from Malay pantun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Encyclopedia Article for pantoum

a Malaysian poetic form in French and English. The pantoum consists of a series of quatrains rhyming abab in which the second and fourth lines of a quatrain recur as the first and third lines in the succeeding quatrain; each quatrain introduces a new second rhyme (as bcbc, cdcd). The first line of the series recurs as the last line of the closing quatrain, and in some English examples the third line of the poem recurs as the second line of the closing quatrain, rhyming xaxa.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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11
15
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