pap-smear

Pap test

[pap]
noun
1.
a test for cancer of the cervix, consisting of the staining of cervical cells taken in a cervical or vaginal smear (Pap smear or pap smear) for examination of exfoliated cells.
2.
a vaginal Pap smear used to evaluate estrogen levels.
3.
an examination of exfoliated cells in any body fluid, as sputum or urine, for cancer cells.
Also, pap test.
Also called Papanicolaou test.


Origin:
1960–65; named after George Papanicolaou (1883–1962), U.S. cytologist, born in Greece, who developed the staining method

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Collins
World English Dictionary
Pap test or Pap smear (pæp)
 
n
1.  another name for cervical smear
2.  a similar test for precancerous cells in other organs
 
[C20: named after George Papanicolaou (1883--1962), US anatomist, who devised it]
 
Pap smear or Pap smear
 
n
 
[C20: named after George Papanicolaou (1883--1962), US anatomist, who devised it]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Pap test
1963, short for Papanicolaou (1947) in ref. to George Nicholas Papanicolaou (1883-1962), Gk.-born U.S. anatomist who developed the technique of examining secreted cells to test for cancer.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

Pap test n.
A test for cancer, especially of the female genital tract, in which a smear of cells exfoliated or scraped from a mucosal surface is stained with Papanicolaou stain and examined under a microscope for pathological changes. Also called smear test.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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