Papua

Collins
World English Dictionary
Papua (ˈpæpjʊə)
 
n
1.  Territory of Papua Former name: British New Guinea a former territory of Australia, consisting of SE New Guinea and adjacent islands: now part of Papua New Guinea
2.  Dutch New Guinea, Former names (until 1962): Netherlands New Guinea, Irian Barat, Former Indonesian names: Irian Jaya, Former English name: West Irian the W part of the island of New Guinea: formerly under Dutch rule, becoming a province of Indonesia in 1963. Capital: Jayapura. Pop: 2 220 934 (2000). Area: 416 990 sq km (161 000 sq miles)
3.  Gulf of Papua an inlet of the Coral Sea in the SE coast of New Guinea

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Papua
race that inhabits New Guinea, 1619, from Malay papuah "frizzled."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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