Mengele moved across the border to Paraguay, where he got citizenship under the name Jose Mengele.
Alfred Stroessner fled from a 1989 coup in Paraguay and lived in Brazil for the next 18 years.
Mengele, remarkably living under his real name in Argentina, fled to Paraguay and then a year later to the Brazilian outlands .
country is named for the river, which is said to be from Guarani para "water" + guay "born." Said to have been the name of a local chieftain who treated with the first Spanish explorers.
Note: Controlled for many decades by a highly repressive military government. A civilian was elected president in 1993.
Note: Reputed sanctuary for Nazi fugitives.