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paramagnet

[par-uh-mag-nit, par-uh-mag-] /ˌpær əˈmæg nɪt, ˈpær əˌmæg-/
noun, Physics.
1.
a body or substance that, placed in a magnetic field, possesses magnetization in direct proportion to the field strength; a substance in which the magnetic moments of the atoms are not aligned.
Origin
1905-1910
1905-10; back formation from paramagnetic; see para-1, magnet
Related forms
paramagnetism, noun
paramagnetic
[par-uh-mag-net-ik] /ˌpær ə mægˈnɛt ɪk/ (Show IPA),
adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for paramagnetism

paramagnetism

/ˌpærəˈmæɡnɪˌtɪzəm/
noun
1.
(physics) the phenomenon exhibited by substances that have a relative permeability slightly greater than unity and a positive susceptibility. The effect is due to the alignment of unpaired spins of electrons in atoms of the material Compare diamagnetism, ferromagnetism
Derived Forms
paramagnetic (ˌpærəmæɡˈnɛtɪk) adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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paramagnetism in Science
paramagnetism
  (pār'ə-māg'nĭ-tĭz'əm)   
The property of being weakly attracted to either pole of a magnet. Paramagnetic materials, such as aluminum and platinum, become slightly magnetized when exposed to a magnetic field, but they lose their magnetism when the field is removed. When these materials are magnetized by a nearby magnet, the orientation of their north and sole poles results in their being attracted to the closest pole of the magnet. Compare diamagnetism, ferromagnetism.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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