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paraphrase

[par-uh-freyz] /ˈpær əˌfreɪz/
noun
1.
a restatement of a text or passage giving the meaning in another form, as for clearness; rewording.
2.
the act or process of restating or rewording.
verb (used with object), paraphrased, paraphrasing.
3.
to render the meaning of in a paraphrase:
to paraphrase a technical paper for lay readers.
verb (used without object), paraphrased, paraphrasing.
4.
to make a paraphrase or paraphrases.
Origin
1540-1550
1540-50; < Middle French < Latin paraphrasis < Greek paráphrasis. See para-1, phrase
Related forms
paraphrasable, adjective
paraphraser, noun
misparaphrase, verb, misparaphrased, misparaphrasing.
unparaphrased, adjective
Synonyms
1. See translation. 3. summarize; explain.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for paraphrasing
  • Excerpting or paraphrasing at length, so the original sources doesn't get the traffic or the revenue, that's something else.
  • No other significance was attached to such paraphrasing.
  • Some still think that paraphrasing an idea is enough, and that they don't need to footnote.
  • They think they are paraphrasing and they are attributing the idea to the appropriate author.
  • The teacher instructed the first group in paraphrasing and self-verbalization techniques for an entire school year.
  • paraphrasing takes what the client has said and restates it in a nonjudgmental way.
  • Ask the interpreter to use the participant's own words rather than paraphrasing.
  • paraphrasing a concept once may be sufficient when comprehension is the only aim.
  • paraphrasing and restating also allows the client to correct any misunderstanding on the part of the counselor.
  • Investigates the effectiveness for improving reading comprehension of a three-step paraphrasing strategy.
British Dictionary definitions for paraphrasing

paraphrase

/ˈpærəˌfreɪz/
noun
1.
an expression of a statement or text in other words, esp in order to clarify
2.
the practice of making paraphrases
verb
3.
to put (something) into other words; restate (something)
Derived Forms
paraphrastic (ˌpærəˈfræstɪk) adjective
Word Origin
C16: via French from Latin paraphrasis, from Greek, from paraphrazein to recount
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for paraphrasing

paraphrase

n.

1540s, from Middle French paraphrase (1520s), from Latin paraphrasis "a paraphrase," from Greek paraphrasis "a free rendering," from paraphrazein "to tell in other words," from para- "beside" (see para- (1)) + phrazein "to tell" (see phrase (n.)).

v.

c.1600, from paraphrase (n.) or from French paraphraser. Related: Paraphrased; paraphrasing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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paraphrasing in Culture

paraphrase definition


A restatement of speech or writing that retains the basic meaning while changing the words. A paraphrase often clarifies the original statement by putting it into words that are more easily understood.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for paraphrasing

paraphrase

in music, the appropriation of a phrase, melody, section, or entire piece for use in another, favoured especially during the Renaissance for masses and motets as well as for keyboard works. The original melody is not generally used as it appeared in its original context but rather is altered by interpolating new notes, by changing the rhythm or the melodic contour, or by condensing or elaborating melodic passages. A paraphrased melody may appear in one voice part of the new composition, as in the motet Alma redemptoris mater (Beloved Mother of the Redeemer) by Guillaume Dufay, or in all voice parts through the technique of melodic imitation, as in the Missa pange lingua (mass on the plainsong hymn "Pange lingua" ["Sing, My Tongue"]) by Josquin des Prez.

Learn more about paraphrase with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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