paregoric

paregoric

[par-i-gawr-ik, -gor-]
noun Pharmacology.
1.
a camphorated tincture of opium, containing benzoic acid, anise oil, etc., used chiefly to stop diarrhea in children.
2.
any soothing medicine; anodyne.
adjective
3.
Archaic. assuaging pain; soothing.

Origin:
1675–85; < Late Latin parēgoricus < Greek parēgorikós soothing, equivalent to parḗgor(os) pertaining to consolatory speech (equivalent to par- par- + -ēgor-, combining form of agorā́ agora + -os adj. suffix) + -ikos -ic

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World English Dictionary
paregoric (ˌpærəˈɡɒrɪk)
 
n
a medicine containing opium, benzoic acid, camphor (English paregoric) or ammonia (Scottish paregoric), and anise oil, formerly widely used to relieve diarrhoea and coughing in children
 
[C17 (meaning: relieving pain): via Late Latin from Greek parēgorikos soothing, from parēgoros relating to soothing speech, from para-1 (beside, alongside of) + -ēgor-, from agoreuein to speak in assembly, from agora assembly]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

paregoric
"medicine that soothes pain," 1704, from adj. (1684) "soothing," from L.L. paregoricus, from Gk. paregorikos "soothing, encouraging, consoling," from paregorein "speak soothingly to," from paregoros "consoling," from para- "beside" + root of agoreuein "speak in public," from agora "public assembly."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

paregoric par·e·gor·ic (pār'ə-gôr'ĭk)
n.
A camphorated tincture of opium, taken internally for the relief of diarrhea and intestinal pain.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

paregoric

preparation principally used in the treatment of diarrhea. Paregoric, which decreases movement of the stomach and intestinal muscles, is made from opium tincture (laudanum) or from powdered opium and includes anise oil, camphor, benzoic acid, glycerin, and diluted alcohol. The usual adult dose is 5-10 millilitres. In early medical writings the term paregoric sometimes was used in reference to soothing medicaments in general.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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