parole

[puh-rohl]
noun
1.
Penology.
a.
the conditional release of a person from prison prior to the end of the maximum sentence imposed.
b.
such release or its duration.
c.
an official document authorizing such a release.
2.
Military.
a.
the promise, usually written, of a prisoner of war, that if released he or she either will return to custody at a specified time or will not again take up arms against his or her captors.
b.
(formerly) any password given by authorized personnel in passing by a guard.
3.
word of honor given or pledged.
4.
(in U.S. immigration laws) the temporary admission of aliens into the U.S. for emergency reasons or on grounds considered in the public interest, as authorized by and at the discretion of the attorney general.
verb (used with object), paroled, paroling.
5.
to place or release on parole.
6.
to admit (an alien) into the U.S. under the parole provision: An increased number of Hungarian refugees were paroled into the United States.
adjective
7.
of or pertaining to parole or parolees: a parole record.

Origin:
1610–20; < Middle French, short for parole d'honneur word of honor. See parol

parolable, adjective
unparolable, adjective
unparoled, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged

parole

[pa-rawl]
noun French.
language as manifested in the actual utterances produced by speakers of a language (contrasted with langue ).
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
parole (pəˈrəʊl)
 
n
1.  a.  the freeing of a prisoner before his sentence has expired, on the condition that he is of good behaviour
 b.  the duration of such conditional release
2.  a promise given by a prisoner, as to be of good behaviour if granted liberty or partial liberty
3.  a variant spelling of parol
4.  (US) military a password
5.  linguistics langue performance Compare competence language as manifested in the individual speech acts of particular speakers
6.  on parole
 a.  conditionally released from detention
 b.  informal (of a person) under scrutiny, esp for a recurrence of an earlier shortcoming
 
vb
7.  to place (a person) on parole
 
[C17: from Old French, from the phrase parole d'honneur word of honour; parole from Late Latin parabola speech]
 
pa'rolable
 
adj
 
parolee
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

parole
1616, "word of honor," especially "promise by a prisoner of war not to escape," from Fr. parole "word, speech" (in parole d'honneur "word of honor") from Gallo-Romance *paraula "speech, discourse," from L. parabola (see parable). Sense of "conditional release of a prisoner
before full term" is first attested 1908 in criminal slang. The verb (1716) originally was what the prisoner did ("pledge"); its transitive meaning "put on parole" is first attested 1853.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The plaintiffs were asking either to be allowed out on parole or to have the
  conditions of their incarceration changed.
My parole officer says this is my last chance, this piecework for a faceless
  corporation.
Sweet tooth or not, you want a jam roll, a k a parole.
White had not set off any alarms in the parole system.
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