World English Dictionary
part (pɑːt)
1.  a piece or portion of a whole
2.  an integral constituent of something: dancing is part of what we teach
3.  a.  an amount less than the whole; bit: they only recovered part of the money
 b.  (as modifier): an old car in part exchange for a new one
4.  one of several equal or nearly equal divisions: mix two parts flour to one part water
5.  a.  an actor's role in a play
 b.  the speech and actions which make up such a role
 c.  a written copy of these
6.  a person's proper role or duty: everyone must do his part
7.  (often plural) region; area: you're well known in these parts
8.  anatomy any portion of a larger structure
9.  a component that can be replaced in a machine, engine, etc: spare parts
10.  (US), (Canadian), (Austral) British equivalent: parting the line of scalp showing when sections of hair are combed in opposite directions
11.  music
 a.  one of a number of separate melodic lines making up the texture of music
 b.  one of such melodic lines, which is assigned to one or more instrumentalists or singers: the viola part; the soprano solo part
 c.  See part song such a line performed from a separately written or printed copy
12.  for the most part generally
13.  for one's part as far as one is concerned
14.  in part to some degree; partly
15.  of many parts having many different abilities
16.  on the part of on behalf of
17.  part and parcel an essential ingredient
18.  play a part
 a.  to pretend to be what one is not
 b.  (foll by in) to have something to do (with); be instrumental (in): to play a part in the king's downfall
19.  take in good part to respond to (teasing) with good humour
20.  take part in to participate in
21.  take someone's part to support someone in an argument
vb (foll by from) (foll by with) (foll by from)
22.  to divide or separate from one another; take or come apart: to part the curtains; the seams parted when I washed the dress
23.  to go away or cause to go away from one another; stop or cause to stop seeing each other: the couple parted amicably
24.  to leave; say goodbye (to)
25.  to relinquish, esp reluctantly: I couldn't part with my teddy bear
26.  to cause to relinquish, esp reluctantly: he's not easily parted from his cash
27.  (intr) to split; separate: the path parts here
28.  (tr) to arrange (the hair) in such a way that a line of scalp is left showing
29.  (intr) a euphemism for die
30.  archaic (intr) to depart
31.  part company
 a.  to end a friendship or association, esp as a result of a quarrel; separate: they were in partnership, but parted company last year
 b.  (foll by with) to leave; go away from; be separated from
32.  to some extent; partly
[C13: via Old French from Latin partīre to divide, from pars a part]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

c.1000, "part of speech," from O.Fr. part, from L. partem (nom. pars, gen. partis) "part, piece, side, share," related to L. portio "share, portion," from PIE base *per- "to assign, allot" (cf. Gk. peprotai "it has been granted," Skt. purtam "reward," Hittite parshiya- "fraction, part"). It has replaced
native deal in most senses. Theatrical sense (1495) is from an actor's "share" in a performance. Meaning "the parting of the hair" is 1890, Amer.Eng.

late 13c., "to divide into parts," from O.Fr. partir "to divide, separate," from L. partire, from pars (see part (n.)). Sense of "to separate (someone from someone else)" is from early 14c.; that of "to take leave" is from early 15c. Meaning "to separate the hair" is attested from 1610s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

part (pärt)

  1. A portion, division, piece, or segment of a whole.

  2. Any of several equal portions or fractions that can constitute a whole or into which a whole can be divided.

  3. An organ, a member, or another division of an organism.

  4. An anatomical part; pars.

  5. parts The external genitalia.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

part and parcel

An essential or basic element, as in Traveling is part and parcel of Zach's job. Used since the 15th century as a legal term, with part meaning "a portion" and parcel "something integral with a whole," this idiom began to be used more loosely from about 1800. Although both nouns have the same basic meaning, the redundancy lends emphasis.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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