Parthian

Parthian

[pahr-thee-uhn]
noun
1.
a native or inhabitant of Parthia.
2.
an Iranian language of ancient and medieval Parthia.
adjective
3.
of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Parthia, its inhabitants, or their language.

Origin:
1520–30; Parthi(a) + -an

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World English Dictionary
Parthian (ˈpɑːθɪən)
 
adj
1.  of or relating to Parthia, a country in ancient Asia, or its inhabitants
 
n
2.  a native or inhabitant of Parthia

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Parthian
1526, native or inhabitant of Parthia (ancient kingdom northeast of Persia in western Asia), from O.Pers. Parthava- "Parthian," dial. variant of the stem Parsa-, source of Persia. Phrase Parthian shot (1590) is in ref. to their horsemen, who were expert at racing forward,
turning, and shooting arrows backward at the moment of retreat.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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