partisan

1 [pahr-tuh-zuhn, -suhn; British pahr-tuh-zan]
noun
1.
an adherent or supporter of a person, group, party, or cause, especially a person who shows a biased, emotional allegiance.
2.
Military. a member of a party of light or irregular troops engaged in harassing an enemy, especially a member of a guerrilla band engaged in fighting or sabotage against an occupying army.
adjective
3.
of, pertaining to, or characteristic of partisans; partial to a specific party, person, etc.: partisan politics.
4.
of, pertaining to, or carried on by military partisans or guerrillas.
Also, partizan.


Origin:
1545–55; < Middle French < Upper Italian parteźan (Tuscan partigiano), equivalent to part(e) faction, part + -eźan (< Vulgar Latin *-ēs- -ese + Latin -iānus -ian)

partisanship, partisanry, noun


1. See follower. 3. biased, prejudiced.


1. opponent.
Dictionary.com Unabridged

partisan

2 [pahr-tuh-zuhn, -suhn]
noun
a shafted weapon of the 16th and 17th centuries, having as a head a long spear blade with a pair of curved lobes at the base.
Also, partizan.
Compare halberd.


Origin:
1550–60; < Middle French partizane < Upper Italian parteźana, probably by ellipsis from *arma parteźana weapon borne by members of a faction; see partisan1

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
partisan or partizan1 (ˌpɑːtɪˈzæn, ˈpɑːtɪˌzæn, ˌpɑːtɪˈzæn, ˈpɑːtɪˌzæn)
 
n
1.  an adherent or devotee of a cause, party, etc
2.  a.  a member of an armed resistance group within occupied territory, esp in Italy or the Balkans in World War II
 b.  (as modifier): partisan forces
 
adj
3.  of, relating to, or characteristic of a partisan
4.  relating to or excessively devoted to one party, faction, etc; one-sided: partisan control
 
[C16: via French, from Old Italian partigiano, from parte faction, from Latin parspart]
 
partizan or partizan1
 
n
 
adj
 
[C16: via French, from Old Italian partigiano, from parte faction, from Latin parspart]
 
parti'sanship or partizan1
 
n
 
parti'zanship or partizan1
 
n

partisan or partizan2 (ˈpɑːtɪzən)
 
n
a spear or pike with two opposing axe blades or spikes
 
[C16: from French partizane, from Old Italian partigiana, from partigianopartisan1]
 
partizan or partizan2
 
n
 
[C16: from French partizane, from Old Italian partigiana, from partigianopartisan1]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

partisan
1555, "one who takes part with another, zealous supporter," from M.Fr. partisan (15c.), from dial. upper It. partezan (Tuscan partigiano) "member of a faction, partner," from parte "part, party," from L. partem (nom. pars), see part (n.). Sense of "guerilla fighter" is first recorded 1692. The adj. is
1708 for warfare, 1842 for politics.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Politics may necessitate some partisan maneuvering at the outset.
More hopeful than a locomotive, able to leap partisan divides in a single bound.
Senator Sweeney should rethink his strategy of matching partisan overreach with
  more partisan overreach.
Folks, this isn't a partisan political blog.
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