pastern

[pas-tern]
noun
1.
the part of the foot of a horse, cow, etc., between the fetlock and the hoof. See diag. under horse.
2.
either of the two bones of this part, the upper or first phalanx (great pastern bone) and the lower or second phalanx (small pastern bone) between which is a joint (pastern joint)

Origin:
1300–50; Middle English pastron shackle, probably same word as Middle French pasturon, pastern < Vulgar Latin *pastōria herding (see pastor, -ia) + Middle French -on noun suffix

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World English Dictionary
pastern (ˈpæstən)
 
n
1.  the part of a horse's foot between the fetlock and the hoof
2.  Also called: fetter bone either of the two bones that constitute this part
 
[C14: from Old French pasturon, from pasture a hobble, from Latin pāstōrius of a shepherd, from pastor]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

pastern
1284, "shackle fixed on the foot of a horse or other beast," from O.Fr. pasturon, dim. of pasture "shackle for a horse in pasture," from V.L. *pastoria, noun use of fem. of L. pastorius "of herdsmen," from pastor "shepherd" (see pastor). Metathesis of -r- and following vowel
occurred 1500s. Sense extended (1530) to part of the leg to which the tether was attached.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
But then, on the gallops, the horse split a pastern-a foot injury that usually happens to younger animals.
Heavy, rigid devices banging on the pastern during repeated workouts can sore sensitive horses.
Fetlock-part of horse's leg where a tuft of hair grows behind the pastern joint.
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