the state of being a father; fatherhood.
derivation or acquirement from a father.
origin or authorship.
noting or pertaining to a legal dispute in which an unwed mother accuses a man of being the father of her child: a paternity suit.

1400–50; late Middle English paternite < Late Latin paternitās. See paternal, -ity Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
paternity (pəˈtɜːnɪtɪ)
1.  a.  the fact or state of being a father
 b.  (as modifier): a paternity suit was filed against the man
2.  descent or derivation from a father
3.  authorship or origin: the paternity of the theory is disputed
[C15: from Late Latin paternitās, from Latin pater father]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1449, "condition of being a father," from M.Fr. paternité (12c.), from L.L. paternitatem (nom. paternitas) "fatherly care, fatherhood," from L. paternus "of a father," from pater (see father). Originally in the ecclesiastical sense; literal sense first recorded 1582.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

paternity pa·ter·ni·ty (pə-tûr'nĭ-tē)

  1. The state of being a father; fatherhood.

  2. descent on a father's side; paternal descent.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
The authors offered an evolutionary explanation for their findings: the
  phenomenon is a natural paternity test.
Your stepdaughter might need to take a paternity test.
Paternity test conducted here are confidential, safe and trustworthy.
The scent-producing cells of that skin would give off pheromones signalling his
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