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patina

[pat-n-uh, puh-tee-nuh] /ˈpæt n ə, pəˈti nə/
noun
1.
a film or incrustation, usually green, produced by oxidation on the surface of old bronze and often esteemed as being of ornamental value.
2.
a similar film or coloring appearing gradually on some other substance.
3.
a surface calcification of implements, usually indicating great age.
Also, patine,
[puh-teen] /pəˈtin/ (Show IPA)
.
Origin of patina
1740-1750
1740-50; < Italian: coating < Latin: pan. See paten
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for patina

patina1

/ˈpætɪnə/
noun (pl) -nas
1.
a film of oxide formed on the surface of a metal, esp the green oxidation of bronze or copper See also verdigris (sense 1)
2.
any fine layer on a surface: a patina of frost
3.
the sheen on a surface that is caused by much handling
Word Origin
C18: from Italian: coating, from Latin: patina²

patina2

/ˈpætɪnə/
noun (pl) -nae (-ˌniː)
1.
a broad shallow dish used in ancient Rome
Word Origin
from Latin, from Greek patanē platter
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for patina
n.

"greenish film on old bronze," 1748, from French patine (18c.), from Italian patina, perhaps from Latin patina "dish, pan" (see pan (n.)), on the notion of encrustation on ancient bronze dishes. Sense of "refinement, cultural sophistication" first recorded 1933.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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