patrol

[puh-trohl]
verb (used without object), patrolled, patrolling.
1.
(of a police officer, soldier, etc.) to pass along a road, beat, etc., or around or through a specified area in order to maintain order and security.
verb (used with object), patrolled, patrolling.
2.
to maintain the order and security of (a road, beat, area, etc.) by passing along or through it.
noun
3.
a person or group of persons assigned to patrol an area, road, etc.
4.
an automobile, ship, plane, squadron, fleet, etc., assigned to patrol an area.
5.
Military. a detachment of two or more persons, often a squad or platoon, detailed for reconnaissance or combat.
6.
the act of patrolling.
8.
(in the Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts) a subdivision of a troop, usually consisting of about eight members.

Origin:
1655–65; < French patrouille (noun), patrouiller (v.) patrol, originally a pawing (noun), to paw (v.) in mud; derivative (with suffixal -ouille) of patte paw; -r- unexplained

patroller, noun
repatrol, verb (used with object), repatrolled, repatrolling.
unpatrolled, adjective
well-patrolled, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
patrol (pəˈtrəʊl)
 
n
1.  the action of going through or around a town, neighbourhood, etc, at regular intervals for purposes of security or observation
2.  a person or group that carries out such an action
3.  a military detachment with the mission of security, gathering information, or combat with enemy forces
4.  a division of a troop of Scouts or Guides
 
vb , -trols, -trolling, -trolled
5.  to engage in a patrol of (a place)
 
[C17: from French patrouiller, from patouiller to flounder in mud, from patte paw]
 
pa'troller
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

patrol
1664, "action of going the rounds" (of a military camp, etc.), from Fr. patrouille "a night watch" (1539), from patrouiller "go the rounds to watch or guard," originally "tramp through the mud," probably soldiers' slang, from O.Fr. patouiller "paddle in water," probably from pate "paw, foot" (see
patois). Compare paddlefoot, World War II U.S. Army slang for "infantry soldier." Meaning "those who go on a patrol" is from 1670. Sense of "detachment of soldiers sent out to scout the countryside, the enemy, etc." is attested from 1702. The verb first recorded 1691. Patrolman "police constable on a particular beat" is first recorded 1879, Amer.Eng.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
To quicken their watchfulness he promised rewards to the coast-guard patrol.
They patrol residential districts and guard public buildings.
Today, heavily armed police stand at the favela's entrance, while others patrol
  its narrow alleys and steep steps.
Border patrol agents are a far cry from fingerprint experts.
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