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pauldron

[pawl-druh n] /ˈpɔl drən/
noun, Armor.
1.
a piece of plate armor for the shoulder and the uppermost part of the arm, often overlapping the adjacent parts of the chest and back.
Also called epaulière.
Compare spaulder.
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; earlier paleron, poleron, late Middle English polron, pollerons (plural) < Middle French espalleron shoulder. See epaulet
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for pauldron

pauldron

/ˈpɔːldrən/
noun
1.
either of two metal plates worn with armour to protect the shoulders
Word Origin
C15: from French espauleron, from espaule shoulder; see epaulette
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for pauldron
n.

"armor for the shoulder," mid-15c., from Old French espauleron, from espaule (French épaule) "shoulder" (see epaulet)

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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